Intellectual property is the term used for any invention, mark, or artistic work belonging to a specific person or business. It makes the inventor, business, or artist the exclusive benefactor of the concepts or artwork described within the legal documents used to register the property with the United States Patent Office. Copying the concepts, work, marks, or inventions outlined in the patent, copyright, or trademark documents is illegal and may be prosecuted.

What should I write down?

The best thing for an inventor to do, when working on a new concept is to document everything. Putting it all down on paper and having multiple witnesses (and preferably a Notary Public) verify the date and location, is essential to proper intellectual property protection. The first step in protecting any intellectual property is recording the date of invention.

The date of invention is essential in writing a patent application, as it is your best defense in disputing any prior art submitted to the Patent Office in relation to your invention. These documents will show that the concept is novel and useful, the two primary requirements of any patent application as explained in details on

The act of mailing yourself a copy of your records is not substantial proof of the date of invention, only the verification by witness signature will hold any weight in the eyes of the patent examiner and U.S. Patent Office.

What are the main parts of a patent application?

1. Abstract: The abstract is a brief description of the invention, specifically noting its technical novelties. The abstract is usually not longer than a paragraph, and is primarily used in determining the nature of the invention.

2. Drawings: These are (usually) black and white engineering documents that offer visual representation of full disclosure of your invention. Drawings are deemed necessary if they are absolutely needed to understand the concepts behind the patentable object or idea. They must show each detail presented in the claims through standard mechanical drawing formats and practices. Omission of relevant drawings can result in an applications denial.

3. Specifications: Specifications are the clear, and precise wordings that enable anyone “skilled in the art or science” to use for the purposes of construction or implementation.

4. Claims: The claims put the novelties of your invention in the spotlight. These are the most important section of the document; they control the scope of protection to be afforded. Every patent must have at least one claim.

There are much more to it and to learn more about patenting process you can refer to the article.

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